The Mother of a Traitor full lesson


Sunday, 6 October 2019



The Mother of a Traitor full lesson 



One can talk endlessly about Mothers. For several weeks enemy hosts had surrounded the city in a tight ring of steel; by night fires were lit and the flames peered through the inky blackness at the walls of the city like a myriad red eyes-they blazed malevolently, and their menacing glare evoked gloomy thoughts within the beleaguered city .

From the walls they saw the enemy noose draw tighter; saw the dark shadows hovering about the fires, and heard the neighing of well-fed horses, the clanging of weapons, the loud laughter and singing of man confident of victory-and what can be more jarring to the ear than the songs and laughter of the enemy?

The enemy had thrown corpses into all the streams that fed water to the city, they had burned down the vineyards around the walls, trampled the fields, cut down the orchards-the city was now exposed on all sides, and nearly every day the cannon and muskets of the enemy showered it with lead and iron. ce to al Detachments of war-weary, half-starved soldiers trooped sullenly through the narrow streets of the city; from the windows of houses issued the groans of the wounded, the cries of the delirious, the prayers of women and the wailing of children People spoke in whispers, breaking off in the middle of a sentence, tensely alert; was not that the enemy advancing?

Worst of all were the nights; in the nocturnal stillness the groans and cries were more distinctly audible; black shadows crept stealthily from the gorges of the distant mountains towards the half-demolished walls, hiding the encmy camp from view, and over the black ridges of the mountains rose the moon like a lost shield dented by sword blows And the people in the city, despairing of succour, worn out by toil and hunger their hope of salvation waning from day to day, the people in the city stared in horror at that moon, at the sharp-toothed ridges of the mountains, the black mass of the gorges and the noisy camp of the enemy. Everything spoke to them of death, and not a star was there in the sky to give them consolation. They were afraid to light the lamps in the houses, and a heavy darkness enveloped the strects, and in this darkness, like a fish stirring in the depths of a river, a woman draped from head to foot in a black cloak moved soundlessly

When they saw her, people whispered to one another

Is it she?

 It is she!



And they withdrew into the niches under archways, or hurried past her with lowered heads. The patrol chiefs warned her sternly:

 Abroad again, Monna Marianna? Take care, you may be killed and nobody will bother to search for the culprit...

 She drew herself up and stood waiting, but the patrols passed by, either not daring or else scorning to raise their hand against her; the armed men avoided her like a corpse and, left alone in the darkness, she continued her solitary wanderings from street to street, soundless and black like the incarnation of the city's misfortune, while all about her, as though pursuing

 her, melancholy sounds issued from the night; the groans, cries, prayers and the sullen murmur of soldiers who had lost all hope of victory A citizen and a mother, she thought of her son and her country; for at the head of the men who were destroying her town was her son, her gay, handsome, heartless son. Yet, not so long ago she had looked upon him with pride regarding him as her precious gift to her country, a beneficent force she had brought forth to aid the people of the city where she herself had been bon and reared.

Her heart was bound by hundreds of invisible threads to these ancient stones with which her forefathers had built their homes and raised the walls of the city; to the soil wherein lay buried the bones of her kinsfolk, to the legends, the songs and the hopes of the people.

And now this heart had lost a loved one and it wept. She weighed in her heart as on scales her love for her son and her love for her native city, and she could not tell which weighed the more And so she wandered thus by night through the streets and many, failing recognise her, drew back in fear mistaking her black figure for the incarnation of Death that was so near to all of them, and when they did recognise her, they turned silently away from the mother of a traitor to But one day in a remote corner by the city walls she saw another woman, kneeling beside a corpse, so still that she seemed part of the earth. The woman was praying, her grief-stricken face upturned to the stars. And on the wall overhead the sentries spoke in low tones their weapons grating against the stone.

The traitor's mother asked:

'Your husband?"
 'No.
 'Your brother?
My son.  My husband was killed thirteen days ago, my son today.

 And rising from her knees, the mother of the slain man said humbly.

 The Madonna sces all and knows all, and I am grateful to her! 'For what? asked the first, and the other replied: 'Now that he has died honourably fighting for his country I can say that I feared for him: he was light-hearted, too fond of revelry and I feared that he might betray his city, as did the son of Marianna, the enemy of God and Man, the leader of our foes, may he be so cursed and the womb that bore him! bel vel sh Marianna covered her face and went on her way.

The next morning she appeared before the city's defenders and said: ad an My son has come to be your enemy. Either kill me or open the gates that I may go to him.

They replied:

 he You are a human being, and your country must be precious to you; your son is as much an enemy to you as to each one of us." m) I am his mother. I love him and feel that I am to blame for what he has become!

 Then they took counsel with one another and decided. It would not be honourable to kill you for the sins of your son.

 We know that you could not have led him to commit this terrible sin, and we can understand your distress. But the city does not need you even as a hostage; your son cares nought for you, we believe that he has forgotten you, fiend that he is, and there is your punishment if you think you have deserved it!

We believe that is more terrible than death itself!"

m 'Yes,' she said.

'It is indeed more terrible. And so they opened the gates and suffered her to leave the city and watched long from the battlements as she departed from her native soil, now drenched with the blood her son had spilt. She walked slowly, for her feet were reluctant to tear themselves away from this soil, and she bowed to the corpses of the city's defenders, kicking aside a broken weapon in lisgust, for all weapons are abhorrent to mothers save those that protect life.


 She walked as though she carried a precious phial of water beneath her cloak and feared to spill a drop and as her figure grew smaller and smaller to those who watched from the city wall, it seemed to them that with her went their dejection and hopelessness.


11 They saw her pause halfway and throwing back the hood of her cloak turn back and gaze long at the city. And over in the enemy's camp they saw her alone. They approached and inquired who she was and whence she had come, r 'Your leader is my son,' she said, and not one of the soldiers doubted it. They fell in beside her, singing his praises, saying how clever and brave he was, and she listened to them with head proudly raised, showing no surprise, for her son could not be otherwise


God and And now, at last, she stood before him whom she had known nine months hefore his birth, him whom she had never felt apart from her own heart. In silk and chet he stood before her, his weapons studded with precious stones.

All was as it should be, thus had she seen him so many times in her dreams rich, famous and admired ing she at I may Mother!' he said, kissing her hands. Thou hast come to me, thou art with me, and tomorrow I shall capture that accursed city! Intoxicated with his prowess, crazed with the thirst for more glory, he answered her with the arrogant heat of youth ur son is 1 was born into the world and for the world, and I mean to make the world quake with wonder of me!

 I have spared this city for thy sake, it has been like a thorn in my flesh and has retarded my swift rise to fame. But now tomorrow I shall smash that nest of obstinate fools! ecome Where every stone knows and remembers them as a child,' she said. ow that and your ught for ishment Stones are dumb unless man makes them speak. Let the mountains speak of me, that is what I wish!" And what of men?" she asked. elf 'Ah yes, I have not forgotten them, Mother.

 I need them too. for only in men's memory are heroes immortal! She said: 'A hero is he who creates life in defiance of death, who conquers death watched with the to tear fenders, ers save No!' he objected. The destroyer is as glorious as the builder of a city. See, we do not know who it was that built Rome-Aeneas or Romulus-yet we know well the name of Alaric and the other heroes who destroyed the city.. Which outlived all names.' the mother reminded him. er cloak ose who ction and Thus they conversed until the sun sank to rest; less and less frequently did she interupt his wild speech, lower sank her proud head.

A Mother creates, she protects, and to speak to her of destruction means to speak against her, but he did not know this, he did not know that he was negating her reason for existence. urn back me. They A Mother is always opposed to death; the hand that brings death into the house of men is hateful and abhorrent to Mothers.

But the son did not perceive this, for he was blinded by the cold glitter of glory that deadens the heart. it. They and she ld not be Nor did he know that a Mother can be as clever and ruthless as she is fearless when the life she creates and cherishes is in question.


She sat with bowed head, and through the opening in the leader's richly appointed tent she saw the city where first she had felt the sweet tremor of life witk her and the anguished convulsions of the birth of this child who now thirsted or destruction. hand i find The crimson rays of the sun dyed the walls and towers of the city blood-red cast a baleful glare on the windowpanes so that the whole city seemed to be a mass of wounds with the crimson sap of life flowing from each gash.

Presently the city turned black as a corpse and the stars shone above it life funeral candles Abou The Maria his ow She saw the dark houses where people feared to light candles so as not to attrac the attention of the enemy, saw the streets steeped in gloom and rank with the stench of corpses, heard the muffled whispers of people awaiting death-she saw it all, all that was near and dear to her stood before her, dumbly awaiting her decision, and she felt herself the mother of all those people in her city the m But as her ov citizer Clouds descended from the black peaks into the valley and swooped down like winged steeds upon the doomed city.

Maxi We may attack tonight,' said her son, 'if the night is dark enough! It is hard to kill when the sun shines in your eyes and the glitter of the weapons blinds you, many a went blow goes awry,'he remarked, examining his sword Gloss myria malev The mother said to him: 'Come, my son, lay thy head on my breast and rest, remember how gay and kind thou wert as a child, and how everyone loved thee. .. menac beleag He obeyed her, laid his head in her lap and closed his cyes, saying: jarring musk deliric I love only glory and I love thee for having made me as I am." 1 And dost thou not desire children?' she asked finally noctur What for? That they might be killed? Someone like me will kill them; that will give me pain and I shall be too old and feeble to avenge them." gorge Mado envelo Succo Thou art handsome, but as barren as a streak of lightning,' she said with a sigh. abhorn balefu 'Yes, like lightninghe replied, smiling. And he dozed there on his mother's breast like a child COM Then, covering him with her black cloak, she plunged a knife into his heart, and with a shudder he died, for who knew better than she where her son's heart beat.

And, throwing his corpse at the feet of the astonished sentries, she said addressing the city: (A)T 1 Or As a Citizen, I have done for my country all 1 could: as a Mother I remain with my son! It is too late for me to bear another; my life is of no use to anyone


richly e within sted for And the knife, still warm with his blood, her blood, she plunged with a firm hand into her own breast, and again she struck truc, for an aching heat is not hard to find ood-red, mass of ty turned Maxin Gorky

About the Story


 The Mother of a Traitor is a very poignant story about a mother named Monna Marianna whose son turns out to be a traitor. She tries to dissuade him from destroying his own city but of no avail. Oscillating between her love for her son and her love for the motherland, she plunges a knife into his heart as he dozes off in her lap and he dies. But as a mother she has to be with her son and, therefore, plunges the same knife into her own breast and kills herself. Thus she plays the role of both the mother and the citizen I to altract stench of all, all that nd she fel down like The author Maxim Gorky (1868-1936) was the pen name of Alexei Maximovich Peshkov who was a great figure in Russian literature of the early part of twenticth century.

 Glossary 


myriad: a large number malevolently: spitefully, with ill will menace: threatening beleaguered: besieged or surrounded by the army jarring: unpleasant and irritating musket: a light gun with a long barrel delirious: related to or typical of delirium which is an excited or dreamy state in illness nocturnal: happening during the night gorge: a narrow opening (usually between hills) Madonna: Mary, mother of Jesus Christ enveloped: covered succour: help given in time of need abhorrent: hateful, distasteful baleful: evil and harmful.

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