VISION 2020 When the India Today Conclave posed the question 'India Tomorrow: Global Giant or Pygmy?' I recalled an event that occurred while meeting students in Nagaland during my recent visit there. A Class V student asked me, I would like to live in a happy, prosperous, peaceful and safe India. Tell me, what will you do Mr President? Also, tell me what I should do for that?" During my interactions with school children of 17 states and three Union territories which I have visited, a series of similar questions was raised. Sometimes, I feel, a nation of billion people think like a nation of million people.
Why is it so? I consider no other nation has got a civilisational heritage like India to live a near-peaceful life. Indian minds were capable of absorbing the best of cultures from successive invasions. Now we should not allow any religion or any individual fanaticism to endanger our nation. Because, the nation is more important compared to any individual or party or religion.
Even the rich and developed nations, in spite of their wealth and military strength, are afraid of virtual enemies and they live with the fear complex. Economic prosperity and military strength alone do not bring peace to any nation, as we see from the dynamics of the world. In such a situation it is also very important to transform our religious forces into spiritual forces.
Evolution of spiritual forces in addition to economic prosperity and military strength will bring happiness, peace and prosperity. We got freedom in 1947 as a result of what I call the first vision for the nation.
This vision created the best of leaders in many ficlds like politics, philosophy, judiciary, science and technology and industry. Improvements took place in many aspects of life, in literacy, agricultural products, strategic areas, certain small and large-scale industries.
Now more than 50 years have gone by and we are called as one among the hundreds of developing countries and in a distinct way a separation from G-8 countries. We have many challenges. Nearly 260 million people who are below the poverty line have to join the mainstream of a good life. Hundred per cent literacy, health for all, multiple industrial and agricultural productivity and a lifestyle with a aue system have to emerge. Hence, we need the second vision for the nation to become developed. After Independence, India looked forward to development through Five Year Plans.
The Green Revolution and technological growth enabled India to prosper with Scsufficiency in food, and achievements in many technological frontiers, POCUrly in the past two decades. A major transformation came during the SHOV ONLROCt when India established its position with its strong core competence ininformation technology. Today, India is in the knowledge age which provides opportunity to become a developed nation with a strong economy In the twenty-first century, a new society is emerging where knowledge is th primary production resource instead of capital and labour. People's lives will be enriched by IT-driven knowledge products and systems, biotechnology and space technology. As a future revolution, it is predicted that humanity will see human habita in one of the planets and space solar power radiating to earth for electric power Human life will be further extended for research outcomes.
Nano technology will enter into human usage like the control systems of various transportation systems, medical- technology equipment and acrospace systems. In most of the developed nations,
the information and communication technology (ICT) sector directly contributes 7-8 per cent to their GDP. It is expected that by 2010 in these countries, ICT will account for 25 per cent of the GDP either directly (by way of sale of hardware and software) or indirectly (by being an integral part of e-governance, connectivity for improved productivity, industries and even in daily life for improved efficicncy and transparency). In India, ICT today accounts for nearly 2 per cent of GDP. To be a significantly developed nation, we should enhance this Our core competencies that can be exploited in addition to what has been planned in 1998 include information security, scientific software development and e- governance that can spearhcad a strong domestic markct, entertainment, education hardware and chip design and wireless. If we exploit these areas of our core competency, we can crcate Indian MNCS and aim at a target of $150 billion by 2010. Another core competence we should develop is in biotcchnology. India is rich in herbs, germplasm and micro organisms. Industrially developed countries are importing these bio-resources in raw forms, adding value to them and exporting them special secds and biomaterials to developing countries including India. They also own fully protected patents of these products. Instead of allowing export of such resources and impurting value-added products al high cost, India must add its own technology for conversion of such resources to value-added products for use in domestic requirement as well as for export of the global herbal product market of $61 billion. China has a share of around $3 billion whereas India's share is not even $100 million. Hence, there is tremendous opportunity for a higher market share. India has similar potential for promoting floriculture and aquaculture in a big way. ST Our Prime Minister, in his Independence Day address from the Red Fort on August 15, 2002, declared that India would become a developed nation by 2020, India has entered the 10th Five Year Plan with a focus on all round development. The 10th Plan is a very vital period as it has to lay the foundation for this journey of transformation by initiating mission projects that will bring economic strength to the POCO In order to realise a developed India by 2020,
- Agriculture and food processing, with a target of 360 million tonnes of food and agricultural products in a year. Other areas of agriculture and agro-food processing will bring food security and prosperity to rural people and speed up economie growth;
- Education and healthcare aimed at increasing the employment potential leading to social security and population control;
- Infrastructure development, including reliable and quality electric power for all parts of the country, which is vital for all core sectors
- Information and communications technology competencies, promoting education in remote areas and creating massive employment and national wealth through export earning; and
- Critical technologies and strategic industries the progress in nuclear, space and defence technologies will provide sustained growth and self-reliance for the nation.
Knowledge is the e's lives will b ology and space e human habita electric power nology will enter ystems, medical this is one of our core communication It is expected GDP either ng an integral S and even in dy accounts for d enhance this These five areas are closely inter-related and will lead to national, food and economic security.
A strong partnership among the R&D, academia, industry, business and the community as a whole with government departments and agencies will be essential to accomplish the vision. Apart from the plan to network the major rivers, a scheme called Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) can help create rural wealth and prosperity.
The model envisages a habitat designed to improve the quality of life in rural places and makes special suggestions to remove urban congestion too. As against a conventional city, say, rectangular measuring approximately 10 km by 6 km, the model considers a ring-shaped town integrating a minimum of 8 to 10 villages in the same area.
This model provides easy access to villages, saves transportation time, cuts costs substantially and is more convenient for general public. Such a model of establishing a circular connectivity of rural village complexes will accelerate rural development process by empowerment what has been lopment and e ent, education s of our core in shape and ion by 2010 y.India is rich countries are porting them dia.
They also port of such add its own s for use in market of $61 ot even $100 re India has The nation's strengths predominantly reside in its natural and human resources which we should leverage. Human resources, particularly with a large young population, is the unique core strength of the nation. There are 700 million people below 35 years of age in the population of a billion people.
The nation needs young leaders who can command the change for transformation of India into a developed nation embedded with a knowledge society from now to 20 years. Quality leaders are like magnets that will attract the best persons to build a team for the organisation and give inspiring leadership even during failure of missions as they are not afraid of risks The creators of vision ignite the young mind in particular. IS Red Fort on 2020. India nt. The 10th journey of ength to the have been What are the qualities of such a creative leader?
He or she exercises changes in the traditional role from commander to coach, from manager to mentor, from director to delegator and from one who demands respect to one who facilitates self-respect. The higher the proportion of creative leaders in a nation, the higher the potential of success of visions like 'developed India'
The Kalam About the Lesson 'Vision for 2020' was A.P.J. Abdul (c) initially a document prepared by the Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) of India's Department of Science and Technology under the chairmanship of Dr. A. P. J. Kalam and a team of 500 experts The plan is further detailed in the book India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium, which Dr. Kalam co-authored with Dr. Y.S. Rajan. The essay focuses on transforming India into a developed country by 2020. Five areas have been identified, based on India's core competence, natural resources and talented manpower for integrated action, to speed up the growth rate of GDP and realize the vision of developed India. 3. The (a) (c) B A I.W 2. W 2002 to 2007. He succeeded in developing and launching Prithvi and Agni missiles. He, thus, came to be known as the Missile Man of India. `